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Music Then and after this - A Brief History of Music and Woodwind Instruments

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Music envelopes us. It is a mainstay individuals society and is built into the souls individuals beings. Even in utero it is known that the fetus has the capacity to respond to music that this mother plays or sings. Music can be found in just about every environment around us: calming or happy music in restaurants, food markets, doctor/dentist offices, department stores, elevators, schools, or weddings; majestic music at firework displays or parades; or even serene music in a funeral. It can be heard on virtually every television commercial as well as in the theme of every television show. Some people crave music being a drug and just cannot live without it playing in a car and even singing within the shower.


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Every person has to be able to produce music whether vocally or which has a music instrument. We might not all have accurate intonation or pitch vocally or may not produce a great sound as a result of difference in how we process auditory information, as Simon Cowell so blatantly indicates on "American Idol", but we've the capability of producing music. With some coaching or instruction, like a lot of the cast members of the television show "Glee" as reported by Emile Menasche', we can easily deliver a powerful vocal performance.

With time, music has developed into an extensively large selection of categories and subclasses. These can include classical, jazz, blues, swing, symphony, opera, rock, rap/hip-hop, country, folk, pop, R n B, theatre, metal, Latin, techno, tango, children's, electronic, Native American, inspirational, marching band, gospel, romantic, melancholy, or spiritual. A large number of types of music have fallen about as a part of the alterations in the structure overall performance of our cultures.

Music also serves to be really therapeutic. From my personal experience as an occupational therapist, music helps persons having a range of different disabilities to boost function whether it could possibly be for communication or movement purposes. As an example, in working with persons that have sustained a stroke and possess expressive aphasia (able to understand language, but struggling to formulate the words to verbally express it), singing permits them to say what they want simply because this involves a different part of the brain. In working with children with autism spectrum disorders, I've discovered music helps develop more coordinated movement and motor planning because it provides the timing and rhythm why these children are not able to access in their brain. Any music instrument can be therapeutic, whether it is woodwind instruments, brass instruments, or string instruments, or simply dancing to music.

But location did woodwind instruments originate? If we look back in history we might find out what the first woodwind instruments were. However, since the late Curt Sachs so intelligently indicates, music originates time for pre-instrumental music and primitive man. He states that "all higher creatures express emotion by motion" eg. stamping his foot on the ground, slapping his body, or clapping his hands. These audible actions were the precursors to your first woodwind instruments and most likely man has not been even consciously mindful of sound as a separate idea.

Through archeological findings, the first true music instrument noted ever was the strung rattle which contained nutshells, seeds, teeth, or bones strung in cords or tied in bunches and suspended coming from a part of the body (ankle, knee, waist, or neck) as a method of adding sound to body movements or dancing. However, it was a delayed sound following the body movement. Later, the sound became more direct, although not exact, as gourd rattles full of pebbles or small hard objects were shaken in tribal dances. Following that, other more direct sounding instruments were developed which used the feet or hands to make sounds eg. stampers (used stamping sticks or devices to create sound on board or bark covering hole in ground), slit-drums (stamping on useless tree trunk over a pit), drums (used hands or later stays with hit membrane stretched over opening of hollow body from a shape), friction instruments (using a tortoise shell or rounded little bit of hard wood with four notches reduce it and rubbing it on palms to create a humming or squeaking noise), bull roarers (quickly whirling a thin board attached to an electric cord overhead making a roaring sound), and scrapers (scraping a notched stick, shell, bone, or gourd using a hard object).

The ribbon reed was the 1st simple music instrument to be played with the mouth much like the woodwind instruments. This was simply a blade of grass extracted from a reed stretched backward and forward thumbs held side by side and by blowing into the crack the blade would vibrate having a high pitched screeching noise (what toddler hasn't done this to this day?). More developed civilizations rolled away a wide blade of grass spirally to make a funnel tube with all the thin end from the blade crossing the top opening. Eventually, the flute was developed which was played similar to other woodwind instruments: by blowing into the air column from the tube a vibration is made and produced a unique tone. Flutes and also other reed woodwind instruments have been played because the Middle Ages (476-1400) and Renaissance period (1400-1600) as they have undergone various modifications in design, however, orchestral woodwind instruments are of more recent origin.

The Baroque period (1600-1750) is noted for its radical revolution in music using the need for novelty inside the style of composition. There was an emphasis on strong emotion ("What passion cannot music raise and quell" sung by Dryden) requiring a wide range of sound to express passion and the sudden changes from joy to grief. The same as the Middle Ages, the monodic design of singular parts being emphasized returned to music compared to the polyphonic style of the Renaissance period by which equal weight was presented with to all the string, brass, or woodwind instruments took part in concert. To achieve this sound, woodwind instruments underwent various improvements and alterations. As an alternative to being made from one wood or other material, we were holding now made of 2 or more pieces fitting tightly together in order to be able to regulate pitch by adjusting the length. Reed woodwind instruments changed the cut of reed and also the bore was changed for a smoother tone. Oboe-like instruments were dismissed in support of bassoons, smaller oboes, and flutes composed the woodwind instruments of the orchestra.

Romanticism (1750-1900) created additional transformations for woodwind instruments, although musical style was reminiscent of the 16th century. The expressive emotional music brought on a significant increase in the number of timbres and woodwind instruments were changed in order to modulate from timbre to timbre with greater ease through a variety of technical enhancements. Woodwind instruments were forced to have a stronger, better sound in concurrence to society's change from an aristocratic to democratic culture. Overall, the arts evolved from aristocratic reserve to unrestrained passion. To succeed the woodwind instruments in order to meet the changing musical style, technical changes were created for improved musical flexibility, fluency of tonalities, accuracy of pitch, and freer modulation. Inclusion of keys, position of holes, key placement, key mechanisms, key padding, and sizes of bores were altered. This created more efficient woodwind instruments that were simpler to play and maneuver over the ranges. The woodwind instruments area of an orchestra now included not only the oboe, flute, and bassoon, but the saxophone and clarinet. Families of woodwind instruments were also created eg. soprano, alto, tenor, baritone to improve the melodies and harmonies and make up a fuller sound.

The 20th century brought about many radical alterations in musical styles for example jazz, swing, pop, and rock. However, aside from the introduction of electric instruments (eg. piano, organ, stringed instruments), the amount of changes to woodwind instruments weren't as great. Woodwind instruments in the twenty first century today still retain their prototype from the nineteenth century, but can be made from different metals, their mouthpieces are made from differing lengths/widths and reed sizes, and some persons prefer varying colors for their woodwind instruments.



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